Τριστάν ντα Κούνια, το πιο απομονωμένο αρχιπέλαγος στον κόσμο



























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Το Τριστάν ντα Κούνια είναι μια συστάδα από απομονωμένα νησιά στον νότιο Ατλαντικό Ωκεανό, 2.816 χμ από την Νότια Αφρική και 3.360 χμ από την Νότια Αμερική. Είναι εξαρτημένο έδαφος του Βρετανικού υπερπόντιου εδάφους της Αγίας Ελένης, που βρίσκεται 2.173 χμ βόρεια. Το Έδαφος αποτελείται από ένα κύριο νησί, το Τριστάνος ντα Κούνηα (έκταση: 98 χμ²), καθώς και μερικά ακατοίκητα νησιά: Απρόσιτη Νήσος (Inaccessible Island) και τα Νησιά Αηδονιού (Nightingale Islands). Η Νήσος Γκαφ (Gouph Island), που βρίσκεται 395 χμ νοτιοανατολικά της κύριας νήσου, αποτελεί επίσης τμήμα του Εδάφους.

Tristan da Cunha, the Loneliest Island on Earth
When Napoleon was sent to St. Helena by the British, they annexed the closest chain of islands to prevent the French from attempting to rescue him. After all, who wouldn't travel a mere 2430 km over rough and hostile seas in order to rescue the Emperor himself? Yes, that's right, the islands of Tristan Da Cunha closest neighboring land mass, the island of St. Helena, is 2430 km away.
The island is so small that cartographers can't even put it on their maps (not enough resolution). Located in the South Atlantic between Africa and South America, this volcanic outcropping has the honor of being the remotest inhabited island on the planet, and that's including Antarctica and the North Pole. One of the islands in the archipelago is called "Inaccessible", which only seems appropriate, together with their motto: "Our faith is our strength"
Capital: Edinburgh of the Seven Seas
Language: English, Population - barely 300 people.
Religions: Christianity (Anglican and Roman Catholic)
Monetary Unit: Pound Sterling (GBP)
Tristan Da Cunha is home to a population of 270 very isolated people, with an economy based in the fishing industry. The climate is sub-tropical, with very little variation in temperature from season to season, and it would probably be a pleasant place to stay... if there were more arable land: the only sort-of level bit of land is located at the northwestern edge of the island, and the rest is moutainous and rocky.
The group of islands is a huge volcanic formations which rose out of the South Atlantic about a million years ago. They are located on the edge of the caldera of the very active volcano! In 1961 a cone near the town, Edinburgh of the Seven Seas, began to erupt and the whole community was evacuated to England. After 2 years, an investigation was conducted and it was found that damage was minimal and the residents were allowed to return.
The islanders frequently face the full wrath of Atlantic storms: the gusts of wind of almost 190km per hour once were so strong that they swept the grazing cows and sheep from the fields and into the ocean... Think about looking out of your window and seeing woefully mooing bovines sailing past... perishing in the waves...

(πηγή: www.darkroastedblend.com)

1 σχόλιο:

Νίκος Π. είπε...

Καλημέρα και συγχαρητήρια για την καλή δουλειά!

Γράφω από Κρήτη και θα ήθελα να ρωτήσω αν γνωρίζετε κάποιον που να έχει ταξιδέψει στο Tristan Da Cunha, προκειμένου να ρωτούσα κάποια πράγματα σχετικά μ' αυτό το τόσο...γοητευτικά απομονωμένο μέρος. Έχω ψάξει τις προϋποθέσεις και τις δυνατότητες στο website του νησιού, απλά δεν ξέρω αν είμαι τόσο τυχερός ώστε να υπάρχει στα υπόψην μια πιο άμεση εμπειρία από κάποιον.

Ευχαριστώ πολύ!